Monday , 25 September 2017

Nat Lauzon: A Visit to Fauna Foundation

Nat here!   In 2011, I was surprised to learn from one of MDB’s bloggers,  Shelly, that there was an amazing chimpanzee sanctuary here in Montreal (with Jane Goodall as a personal friend to the place, you KNOW it has to be amazing).   We were permitted a private tour with Founder/Director Gloria Grow.

This past November,  I had to chance to visit once again (and was lucky enough to bring my boyfriend as a guest).   This time, Gloria’s brother Glenn showed us around.  Here is my take on the experience:

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Last month, I had the rare opportunity to visit a very special place about 30 minutes from Montreal.

Originally started as a sanctuary for neglected farm and domestic animals,  Fauna Foundation is now known as Canada’s only (and deeply respected) chimpanzee sanctuary.  It is a home for chimps from zoos, former ‘pets’ and from biomedical research labs.  It is the only place in the world that welcomes HIV-infected animals.  And it is truly one-of-kind.

The sound of hundreds of duck wings taking to the sky is wonderful!  These Mallards clearly know a good place when they see it.
The sound of hundreds of duck wings taking to the sky is wonderful! These Mallards clearly know a good place to stay when they see it.

In addition to 12 chimps, Fauna is also home to around 80 rescued animals, including monkeys, cows, a pig, geese, cats, dogs and more.  The space spans 200 acres and is a government-dedicated nature reserve.  As such, it also helps to repopulate local bird species and protect indigenous creatures.

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We arrive at the Foundation in late November – the truck loaded with bags full of donations from the chimpanzee “wish list”.  Things they might typically use in the wild:  musical instruments, hair brushes, colouring books, hula hoops and DVDs!  Kidding aside, these items provide enrichment.  A crucial element in the lives of all creatures!  It’s an indication of just how well-rounded the care at Fauna is.  From enrichment items like these toys, to acres of outdoor space, things to climb, a fresh supply of healthy food (and treats!) and volunteers to keep them communicative and happy – the facilities here have been well tailored to chimp-taste.

It’s a far cry from this.

A standard cage from a biomedical research lab, measuring 5 ‘x 5 ‘x 7’. A rubber tire hangs from the center.

This lab cage offers a sobering reminder.  It measures 5 x 5 x 7.  Many of the chimps at Fauna suffered for years in cages like this in biomedical research labs.  NEVER leaving this confined space except when painfully darted and used for testing. It was a life of extreme fear, depression and pain.

Unlike other lab animals, which are killed soon after their “use”,  chimps are abused for research repeatedly over decades.  As sentient creatures with family bonds, intelligence, deep emotions – the mental and physical toll is indescribable.  In fact, the ‘sweeter’ a chimp is, the greater the likelihood of it being subjected to further invasive research, because it is so ‘easy to work with’.  This was the case with beautiful Pepper.  She lived in a lab for 27 years, the victim of 306 traumatic ‘knockdowns’ (darting) and 36 punch liver biopsies among other atrocities,  before coming to Fauna.  Read her story here.

I am fortunate to have met Pepper before she died in 2012.   She is the first chimp whose eyes I ever looked into, and it was something I find hard to describe. Her eyes and face held so much expression, it was like looking at another person.  Which it truly was.  In fact, chimpanzees are genetically closer to us than they are even to gorillas or orangutans (even though these are also apes).  Founder and Director of Fauna Foundation, Gloria Grow had a special bond with Pepper and I am privileged to have briefly witnessed it up close.

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Today, our first visit at Fauna is to the Monkey House.  A huge and handsome baboon named Theo lives here. Wild-caught in Kenya as a baby and brought to a lab at Western University, he kept escaping his restraints so he was to be killed.   Read his story here.

Eugene the Japanese Macaque (the kind you see enjoying hot springs in wildlife documentaries) – lived in a pet store for 27 years, as their ‘mascot’.   He has been here since March and while we visit, comes out to shyly accept a few grapes to snack on.   Read the poignant story about the day he was rescued, here.

Newton and Dara (2 Rhesus Macaques) and Sophie the Monkey House matriarch (a Capuchin) , round out the inhabitants.  Sophie is 36 years old (she’s been at Fauna for 16 years).  Sadly, at the time of this article, she is now struggling with her health and it may soon be time to say goodbye.

As we approach the Chimp House, we see treetop pathways.  These chutes extend from the main facility to allow the chimps to access fresh air, a nap in the sun or a curious peek at visitors, whenever they like.  It allows them to move easily through the trees, perhaps reminiscent of a long-ago life.

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 They also have huge expanses of outdoor ground access with structures to climb and play on.  In the warmer months, the grounds here are a sight to behold – impeccably maintained by a crew of landscapers and bursting with gorgeous, colourful gardens and detailed touches that express a deep reverence for wild things.   And at all times, the chimps can come and go as they please into the main facility – where they can sleep, eat and play.

Throughout the grounds, there are small details expressing a respect for nature.
Throughout the grounds, there are small details like this expressing a respect for nature.
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Can you spot the hammock?

At the end of one of the treetop walkways is this ‘veranda’ area (pictured).  It looks out over a pond.  Glenn our guide, points out a chimp named Spock lounging inside with a blanket.  When he starts speaking to the chimps, they start calling back.  It’s a strange thing to hear that distinctive chimp call in the treetops of Quebec!  Glenn also suggests my boyfriend may want to remove his hat. (Apparently, hats are kind of a turn-on for Spock. Hah!)

As we move inside the main structure, the chimps who had been outside come in too…curious about their new visitors!

Like most human homes, the kitchen often becomes the hub of activity and here it’s no different. Except you’ve got chimpanzees to please and naturally, their manners might be slightly less refined.   The cages face a large island and volunteers wheel food-laden trolleys to a small opening that the chimps can reach their hands through. If they don’t like what’s on the menu – you’ll know it!  Pushing trolleys away or tossing items off the tray is a frequent (and comical!) occurrence here.   And be vigilant – you might also be on the receiving end of an well-aimed arc of water, right from a chimp’s mouth!

The kitchen (with food trolley and chimp area on the right).
The kitchen (with food trolley and chimp area on the right).

Tatu, is one of the newest chimps here.  She is from a sanctuary in Washington and part of a group of chimps that was taught American Sign Language. She signs to go in and out of rooms.   She signs the word for “friend” in reference to other chimps.  While we are there, she signs emphatically for “milk”.  Her request is fulfilled (twice) – and she is thrilled.

On our visit, apples are the highlight of the kitchen and Binky (from a now defunct research lab in New York City) is casually chewing a plastic candy wrapper in addition to an apple.  Concerned he’ll swallow the plastic, Glenn tells Binky he can have 2 apples if he trades the wrapper for it.  After some moments of contemplation, Binky takes the plastic out of his mouth, places it on the trolley in front of the cage and extends his hand for a double-apple reward.

It’s a huge financial endeavour to feed this many primates.  The Foundation goes thru $1000 -$1300 worth of fresh food every single week. Not including the extra chimp goodies they purchase like nuts and soy milk.  The food is carefully balanced with necessary calories and vitamins – providing the chimps about 2000 calories/day.  They even get regular speciality dishes – like stuffed peppers,  brownies and smoothies!  To keep them engaged and stimulated, food is presented in interesting ways – like cereal (with spoons) and even squirt guns full of juice!

Special smoothies, labeled for each chimp.
An afternoon treat of smoothies is ready to go!

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It costs between $1000 and $1300 to feed 12 chimps every week.

Standing here at the epicentre of an audience of chimps – you soon realize that you’re the one on display.  They eye us with as much curiosity as we do them.  Glenn mentions the silence is a good indication that the apes approve of our being there (what a nice feeling!).  The chimps will sound off if they perceive a ‘bad’ person (after all, they had experience with all kinds of bad people before they came here) – and that person will be asked to exit the building, so as not to stress the group.  The wellbeing of animals takes priority – always.

Distance is crucial.  Even though chimps can share space and create friendships with one another, human-ape interaction is only ever through cage bars.  Chimps are wild animals, these ones weighing from 120 to 280 pounds.  They possess 7-10 times the strength of a human in their arms alone.  No matter the temptation, no matter the bond, direct access to humans could have disastrous consequences.  There are warnings everywhere.  Well-trained volunteers (it takes a year of training and dedication for the privilege to work in the chimp house), feed, play games and interact with animals through the bars. The apes reach fingers out for caresses and to touch their caretakers.  There is a deep respect for these animals not only as innately wild creatures but also as individuals who have experienced profound trauma in their past.

Like Sue Ellen.

Sue Ellen, now 46, was a pet.  Raised as a human child, wearing clothing, riding in cars, making money for her owner through use in the entertainment industry.  At the age of 15, she was chauffeured to a research lab.  She was sold, thrown in a tiny steel cage and subjected to unspeakable invasive abuses at the hands of humans for years.  She was rescued by Fauna in 1997.   It’s like having lived 3 separate lives in the span of 46 years – and only the latter with respect, kindness and love.

Chimp faces are as unique as they come.  And their preferences as well!  Like Petra who can always be seen wearing her necklace of keys (which she tries daily to fit into locks).  Toby who adores cooked beets!   Binky likes playing with soap bubbles.  Rachel is a fan of hairbrushes, and will groom with them.

Petra and her necklace of keys.  Photo Credit: NJ Wight  for Fauna  www.njwight.com
Petra and her necklace of keys.
Photo Credit: NJ Wight
www.njwight.com

Individuals.

For me, being so close to these sentient, powerful and intelligent creatures is an honour.  But there is an underlying sadness, that I’m sure is shared by all who work and visit here.  For all the joy you derive in seeing them up close, for all the love and care they get, it’s a heartbreaker to realize you really shouldn’t be seeing them in this way. 

These chimps were robbed so long ago of a life they deserved.  They watched family members murdered, so they could be captured in the wild as babies.  They were curiosities in cramped, public zoo environments.  These social and loving creatures were isolated and misunderstood.  Many of their bodies have been so abused by lab experiments, they are in chronic pain.  Even with the top-notch vet care they receive here, there will never be a way to medically repair things like organs that have been brutalized to the point of no return.   In many ways, this is palliative care.

Fauna endeavours to soothe the pain – not only of broken bodies, but of broken spirits.  It functions with such excellence on so many levels, you can’t help but be awed.  To me – Fauna Foundation is a true example of how rescues should operate. Doing things responsibly and ethically – with unwavering commitment and professionalism.  Ensuring that each and every animal, as far as captivity can allow – not just has “food and shelter” – but has everything it requires for an emotionally fulfilling life.  And in lieu of fanaticism – promoting education, kindness, and the type of positive outreach that fuels positive action.

Thank you for an unforgettable experience.

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Chimps are not used in medical research in Canada.  The U.S. continues to use primates for research in places like New Iberia (Louisiana), Yerkes (Georgia) and Southwest Biomedical (Texas), among others.

How you can help:

Donate to Fauna

Amazon Wishlist

Adopt-a-Chimp

Deepest thanks to the following people for their involvement in this article and visit:

Gloria Grow

Richard Allan

Glenn Grow

Trina McKellar

Mary Lee Jensvold

Learn More:

http://www.faunafoundation.org/

Fauna Foundation on Facebook

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2 comments

  1. Hi Nat,

    Although I applaud the work that the Fauna Foundation does, a few comments that you make here have me concerned. You repeatedly refer to research with very negative terms, and as someone with considerable experience working with laboratory animals, I must tell you that you could not be further from the mark. Lab Animal Research has made important contributions to virtually all life improving and extending treatments available. Vaccines, medical treatments, surgical procedures and many others all stem from this, including new and exciting oncolytic virus that can attack cancer cells directly.

    See here for the Ottawa scientist pioneering this research
    http://www.ctvnews.ca/canadian-made-virus-shows-promise-as-cancer-treatment-1.690978

    For more information about the POSITIVE side of LAR, see
    http://www.pro-test.org.uk/facts.php?lt=c
    http://www.amprogress.org/animal-research-benefits
    http://speakingofresearch.com/facts/medical-benefits/

    For a better understanding of health research and society, see
    http://www.chrcrm.org/en

    And for an understanding of just what REALLY takes place in research facilities, see
    http://animalresearch.ubc.ca/
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGy1QHPyvtM

    Yes, I agree that they way you state things, life in a research facility would be horrible. But that’s only because of what you’ve been told. It is also important to note that, as you say, chimpanzees are not used in Canada. Although they are still used in the US, that is quickly changing. Unfortunately, this is also leaving researches without an appropriate model for diseased like Hepatitis C.

    http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/27/us-usa-chimps-research-idUSBRE95P1I520130627

    My point is to please APPLAUD the work that the Fauna Foundation does. It is outstanding. But please ALSO applaud the work that those involved in Lab Animal Research do, instead of belittling them by claiming that they abuse animals.

  2. Thank you for the opportunity to respond to some of the prevailing myths that accompany the use of animals in research. Your comments state a few of them. In response, I wish to recognize the fact that this is a time in history when strong ethical and humane objections to animal research are reinforced by scientific argument. Systematic analysis in multiple areas of biomedical research clearly concludes that data derived from animal studies inadequately predicts what is true for humans. When applied to humans animal derived data is often erroneous, dangerous and in some circumstances, deadly. Therefore, animals are a poor model thru which to arrive at biomedical interventions for humans. Advanced and prevailing science reveals again and again the severe limitations of animal use. There are few scientists today who disagree on the limitations of the animal research model – while the debate continues as to how rapidly we can and must replace it.

    Your assertion that virtually “all life improving and extending treatments available” have benefited through animal research is a claim promoted by well financed lobbying organizations. These organizations include suppliers of animals, caging, equipment and others which benefit financially from the use of animals in research. No evidence exists to substantiate this broad and sweeping claim. In reality, many advances in human health have been delayed or outright derailed because of dependence on species that differ from humans. One example includes a former director of a national cancer research institute who stated, “We have been curing cancer in mice for decades. It simply hasn’t worked in humans.” Or the director of a chimpanzee research center who admitted, “I cannot tell you what we have learned about HIV and AIDS from the chimpanzee.” Instead, factual evidence dictates (according to the U.S. Federal Drug Administration) that the vast majority of drugs proven safe and effective in animal studies, fail in human clinical trials. Out of the small percentage that make it to market, nearly half of these drugs are withdrawn because of serious side effects to humans. Therefore, it is safe to conclude that animal testing has not protected humans from serious or even fatal side effects of modern medications. Animal studies have led to erroneous conclusions that have cost millions of dollars (including tax payer money), delayed scientific breakthroughs for human health and had detrimental results in humans.

    Fauna’s rescued chimpanzees who were used for HIV research give us a starting point to give two examples out of numerous possibilities of some of the problems with using animals. HIV contaminated blood was released into the human blood supply, thereby infecting 6,000 hemophiliacs with HIV and its progression to AIDS because while chimpanzees can be infected with HIV it does not lead to AIDS in them. Rather, they often clear the virus. Observing chimpanzees infected with HIV led researchers to falsely conclude HIV was a benign virus. In addition, systematic reviews of Hepatitis C studies indicated the chimpanzee had already been all but abandoned as a model of choice for vaccine development. In fact, major pharmaceutic companies testified before the Institute of Medicine that chimpanzees were no longer necessary for successful vaccine development. In vitro methods are becoming the model of choice for research and vaccine development. Therefore, removing chimpanzees from use to develop and test a Hepatitis C vaccine, will not impact a vaccine being successfully available for humans and may instead accelerate its availability.

    The animal model is the only area of science where we do things the way we did 100 years ago. There is no other area of science or technology where the status quo continues to be vehemently defended. For example, the Apple iPhone bought today will be outdated in a month. The safety features on a 2015 BMW will be surpassed in one year. Laundry detergent will contain ’new advanced stain removing power’ from one grocery shopping to the next. Every field of science and technology utilizes a ’here today – gone tomorrow’ understanding of what advances can and must be offered. Except the use of animals in research.

    Why are we not asking ourselves: “Is it truly the ’best’ or even a necessary way to understand human health, develop treatments, prevention and cures?” The only clear answer is a definitive no. The U.S. spends more money on animal research than any nation in the world, yet on last count it was only 16th in morbidity and mortality in the world. The millions of animals used — to the tune of billions of dollars — are not making Americans healthier or live longer than many other countries. Using a different species for the benefit of advancing human health is antiquated science.

    And, animals in labs, despite the gentlest and kindest of lab workers, suffer greatly. Captivity is where the suffering begins, because the cruelty of animal research starts with a cage. It arises from the attitude that this animal is here for human use. And in those first moments, before scalpel or drug meets their flesh, the animal’s innate rights, dignity and safety are annihilated. We deprive them of their natural life, choices, community, and all of what nature had intended for them and for which each was uniquely created. We trap them in cages, Lucite boxes, retaining devices, stereotaxic chairs and we do things to them. Scary, painful and many times lethal. And, in the vast majority of situations, entering a lab cage is a death sentence. Most will die or be killed at the end of the research. So, let’s put ourselves in the animals’ place for one moment, one hour or one day – let alone a lifetime.

    Sanctuaries, such as Fauna, rescue animals who have spent decades or most of their life in a lab. Every care giver at Fauna knows, with great pain in their hearts, that many of those rescued will never be restored to complete well-being, physically or psychologically. Instead every day in sanctuary presents an enormous challenge of trying to make the rescued animal feel safe. The very small percentage who make it out of a lab alive and safely to sanctuary, have the psychological and physical scars to attest to the hardship, cruelty and suffering they endured.

    Please join us in bringing science into the 21st century. As a society, we must stop defending an inherently cruel and outdated method. Join us in fighting the profit driven industry of animal research. Demand that existing alternatives be used in every corner of science. Join us in insisting that in today’s world of science there is a better way. And, that through scientific advancements we will develop real solutions for people afflicted with life threatening disease and injury. It is through epidemiology, genetic research, the use of human cells and tissue, post mortem studies that there will be genuine and tangible scientific advancement in human health.

    Finally, if a species, such as the chimpanzee, who share almost 98% of our genes, has been shown to have failed as a predictive model and is no longer needed to study human disease – what about all the rest of the animals who are still suffering in labs? The response must be that the cost to their lives is immeasurable and the benefit to humans is negligible or, dare we say, non-existent.

    Please think about this. Critically examine what we have been taught about the impact animal testing has really had on human health and scientific breakthroughs. And, recognize that those of us dedicated to ending the use of animals in research are also striving for the better health and wellbeing of humans. It is not about choosing animal welfare over human welfare. It is about choosing both.

    Theodora Capaldo, Ed.D. President New England Anti-Vivisection Society
    Boston, MA

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